Monthly Archives: February 2017

6 Terms To Understand For Sport Fishing

Sport fishing is basically recreational fishing or fishing for fun. It differs from commercial fishing, fishing-01fishing for profit and from substance fishing, fishing to feed your family. It is a popular sport around the world because of the many different species in the differing bodies of water. However, before you jump in this new adventure; there are six terms that you should understand so that you can sound like a professional before you hit the water. It is important to understand each of the terms because some of them may be interchanged and you need to know the difference of what might be said versus what might be meant.

Rod

The fishing rod is perhaps the first thing that comes to mind when you think of sport fishing. It is a long, flexible rod that is used to catch the fish. Attached to the pole is usually a line ending in a hook. The length of the rod can be between two and twenty feet, depending on the location and type of fish you are seeking. Traditionally, the rods were made from bamboo but most rods today are made from fiberglass or carbon fiber. The most common rod types are fly rods to cast artificial flies, spinning rods to cast baits or lures, ice fishing rods to fish through small holes in ice covered lakes and trolling rods to drag bait or lures behind moving boats.

Fishing Reel

The fishing reel or spinning reel is the cylindrical object attached to the rod used to pull the line in. Most modern-day fishing reels have fittings that help with casting for distance and accuracy as well as the traditional use of retrieving the line.

Fishing Line

The fishing line is a string used with the reel and rod. Fishing lines come in a variety of lengths, materials, and weights. Although you may consider them more sturdy, thicker lines are not often used because they are more visible to the fish. Most lines are made from nylon or silk to be durable. Other factors to consider when choosing fishing line are: breaking strength, knot strength, UV resistance, castability, limpness, stretch, abrasion resistance, and visibility. Choosing the right line for the type of fish you are hunting can literally make or break your sport fishing trip.

Fish Hooks

The fish hook is a device used in sport fishing to catch the fish. It either impales them in the mouth or occasionally snags the body of the fish. Fish hooks have been used for centuries to catch fresh and salt water fish. The fish hooks are attached to the line and usually, holds the bait or the lure. Fish hooks come in a variety of sizes, designs, shapes and materials. Selection typically depends on the type of bait to be used as well as the type of fish to be caught.

Fishing Bait

Fishing bait is the substance used to attract and catch fish. It is usually placed on the end of the fish hook and sometimes inside of a fish trap. Various insects and smaller bait fish are used as fish bait. Many sport fishers prefer live instead of plastic bait to attract fish; however, the ultimate preference is left to which will attract the most fish. The earthworm is a common bait for fresh water fishing while maggots are great for trout fishing. Fish such as gold fish and crayfish are also commonly used as live bait.

Fishing Lure

A fishing lure is a type of artificial bait. It uses movement, vibration, flash and color to attract the fish. Many of the fishing lures have more than one hooks to snag the fish when it strikes the lure. Some of the lures are used as a decoy so that the fish can be speared or captured by hand by the sport fishers. The fishing lures are typically attached to the end of the line, like the bait and hook. There are several techniques for using fishing lures. In one instance, the line is held in the hands of the sport fisher and this is called handlining. In another instance, longlining, the line is continually cast out and pulled in to create the effect of the fishing lure swimming.

As you plan your sport fishing excursion, understanding the difference in the terminology is essential. It is especially important when you are shopping for supplies. You want to know what is necessary and what could be a waste of money.

5 Techniques For Sport Fishing

If you are considering picking up sport fishing as a hobby, you may think there is only one option, fishing with a rod and reel. Perhaps you have been sport fishing for a while and need a new challenge. Contrary to popular opinion, there are many different techniques for sport fishing or recreational fishing. The five techniques outlined below are among the most popular with variations of each depending on water type and the type of fish you are targeting.

Hand Gathering

Hand gathering is perhaps one of the simplest methods of sport fishing. It can be as simple as picking shellfish off the beach or digging for clams and crabs. Seafood that can be hand gathered include oysters, clams, scallops, lobsters, crayfish, and crabs. In Asia, sea cucumber and sea urchins are also hand gathered. In different areas of the United States, catfish can be caught by hand. There is little to no equipment required to gather these sea foods.

Spearfishing

Spearfishing is an ancient sport fishing technique that has been used throughout the world 3905d8e860448d95e4d60c864e5e7242since the beginning of civilization. It began with fishers using sharpened sticks to spear fish in rivers and streams. However, in sport fishing today, there are elastic powered spear guns and slings as well as compressed gas pneumatic powered spear guns. These tools are used to target fish and have been developed to operate in different water environments. Spearfishing is also popular for those free diving, snorkeling or scuba diving. It is highly selective because of the targeting and normally there is no bait used. Shore diving is considered the most common form of spearfishing. Divers enter and exit the sea from breaches or other ocean structures to hunt at depths of about 16 to 82 feet, depending on their location. In the South Pacific, sharks and reef fish can be popular catches. Shore divers use both trigger-less spears like pole spears and triggered spear guns.

Netting

In netting, a fishing net is used for sport fishing. The nets are made from fibers woven in a grid-like fashion. Some fishing nets, also called fish trips, are meshes formed with thin thread. Many of the early nets were made from grasses, flaxes and other plant materials. Most modern nets are made from materials like nylon, wool or silk.

There are different techniques of netting depending on the type of fish that is being targeted. For example, there is the bottom trawl, a large conical shaped net that is towed along the sea bottom while being pulled by one or more boats. A cast net used to catch schools and small fish, is a net with small weights on the edges which are thrown by the sport fisher. Sizes for the nets vary and the fish are caught as the net is pulled back in. A dragnet is essentially any net that is dragged or hauled across a river or along the bottom of a lake or sea. A drift net is a net that is drifting in the current and not anchored.

Angling

Angling, perhaps the most common type of sport fishing, is the method of fishing with a fish BLueMarlin_zpsbe71aeb4hook. The hook is attached to a fishing line and the line is attached to the fishing rod. The fishing rod typically has a fishing reel used to store, retrieve and send out the fishing line. Many who sport fish for a hobby practice catch and release since they are not fishing for consumption or profit. On their excursions, they are likely to capture exotic fish, take photographs and weigh the fish before releasing them back into their habitat. Anglers use different types of bait, fake and live, depending on the type of water they are fishing in and the type of fish they are targeting.

Trapping

A fish trap is a more primitive yet effective means of sport fishing. The fish traps often have the style of a lobster trap. A normal trap has a frame of thick steel wire in the shape of a heart with chicken wire stretched around it. There is mesh wrapped around the frame and it tapers into the inside of the trap. When a fish swims inside through this opening, it cannot escape, essentially trapping the fish.