Sport fishing is basically recreational fishing or fishing for fun. It differs from commercial fishing, fishing for profit and from substance fishing, fishing to feed your family. It is a popular sport around the world because of the many different species in the differing bodies of water. However, before you jump in this new adventure; there are six terms that you should understand so that you can sound like a professional before you hit the water. It is important to understand each of the terms because some of them may be interchanged and you need to know the difference of what might be said versus what might be meant.
The fishing rod is perhaps the first thing that comes to mind when you think of sport fishing. It is a long, flexible rod that is used to catch the fish. Attached to the pole is usually a line ending in a hook. The length of the rod can be between two and twenty feet, depending on the location and type of fish you are seeking. Traditionally, the rods were made from bamboo but most rods today are made from fiberglass or carbon fiber. The most common rod types are fly rods to cast artificial flies, spinning rods to cast baits or lures, ice fishing rods to fish through small holes in ice covered lakes and trolling rods to drag bait or lures behind moving boats.
The fishing reel or spinning reel is the cylindrical object attached to the rod used to pull the line in. Most modern-day fishing reels have fittings that help with casting for distance and accuracy as well as the traditional use of retrieving the line.
The fishing line is a string used with the reel and rod. Fishing lines come in a variety of lengths, materials, and weights. Although you may consider them more sturdy, thicker lines are not often used because they are more visible to the fish. Most lines are made from nylon or silk to be durable. Other factors to consider when choosing fishing line are: breaking strength, knot strength, UV resistance, castability, limpness, stretch, abrasion resistance, and visibility. Choosing the right line for the type of fish you are hunting can literally make or break your sport fishing trip.
The fish hook is a device used in sport fishing to catch the fish. It either impales them in the mouth or occasionally snags the body of the fish. Fish hooks have been used for centuries to catch fresh and salt water fish. The fish hooks are attached to the line and usually, holds the bait or the lure. Fish hooks come in a variety of sizes, designs, shapes and materials. Selection typically depends on the type of bait to be used as well as the type of fish to be caught.
Fishing bait is the substance used to attract and catch fish. It is usually placed on the end of the fish hook and sometimes inside of a fish trap. Various insects and smaller bait fish are used as fish bait. Many sport fishers prefer live instead of plastic bait to attract fish; however, the ultimate preference is left to which will attract the most fish. The earthworm is a common bait for fresh water fishing while maggots are great for trout fishing. Fish such as gold fish and crayfish are also commonly used as live bait.
A fishing lure is a type of artificial bait. It uses movement, vibration, flash and color to attract the fish. Many of the fishing lures have more than one hooks to snag the fish when it strikes the lure. Some of the lures are used as a decoy so that the fish can be speared or captured by hand by the sport fishers. The fishing lures are typically attached to the end of the line, like the bait and hook. There are several techniques for using fishing lures. In one instance, the line is held in the hands of the sport fisher and this is called handlining. In another instance, longlining, the line is continually cast out and pulled in to create the effect of the fishing lure swimming.
As you plan your sport fishing excursion, understanding the difference in the terminology is essential. It is especially important when you are shopping for supplies. You want to know what is necessary and what could be a waste of money.